In second place among basic reasons for erectile dysfunction in Australia are different ailments buy viagra australia which may not necessarily be connected to the sexual sphere.
Microsoft word - china.docx
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2013 WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) status Date of signature 10 November 2003 Date of ratification (or legal equivalent) Socioeconomic context Population (thousands) Prevalence of tobacco use
Tobacco use data from the latest survey results available to WHO as at 31 December 2012
Adult: Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009; National, ages 15+ Smokeless tobacco Current users of Current users of smokeless tobacco smokeless tobacco WHO age-standardized estimated prevalence of smoking among those aged 15 years or more: Year 2011 Adult prevalence, smoking (%) Any smoked tobacco Country Profile: China Tobacco control measures and programmes as at 31 December 2012 Smoke-free environments Public places with smoke-free legislation: Health-care facilities Educational facilities except universities Government facilities Cafés, pubs and bars Public transport All other public places Compliance score § National law requires fines for smoking Fines levied on the establishment Fines levied on the smoker Dedicated funds for enforcement Citizen complaints and investigations § A score of 0—10, where 0 is low compliance. Subnational jurisdictions with complete smoke-free legislation Jurisdictions with a incomplete ban are not listed. Name of jurisdiction population protected Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Macao Special Administrative Region Country Profile: China Treatment of tobacco dependence Is there a toll-free telephone quit line/help line with a live person available to discuss cessation with callers in your country? Nicotine replacement Is this product legally sold in the country? therapy (e.g., patch, gum, lozenge, spray or Where and how can this product be legally purchased in your country? Does the national/federal health insurance or the national health service cover the cost of this product? Is any NRT on the country's essential drugs list? Bupropion (e.g., Zyban, Is this product legally sold in your country? Where and how can this product be legally In a pharmacy with a purchased in your country? Does the national/federal health insurance or the national health service cover the cost of this Is this product legally sold in your country? Where and how can this product be legally In a pharmacy with a purchased in your country? Does the national/federal health insurance or the national health service cover the cost of this Is smoking cessation Health clinics or other primary care facilities support available in the following places in your Office of a health professional In the community Health clinics or other primary care facilities national/federal health insurance or the Office of a health professional national health service In the community cover the cost of this Country Profile: China Health warnings on tobacco packages Does the law mandate that health warnings appear on tobacco packages? What percentage of the principal display areas of the package is legally mandated to be covered by health warnings? FRONT AND REAR COMBINED What percentage of the principal display areas of the FRONT of the package is legally mandated to be covered by health warnings? What percentage of the principal display areas of the REAR of the package is legally mandated to be covered by health warnings? Does the law mandate that the warning be placed at the top of the principle display areas of the package? Does the law mandate font style, font size and colour for package warnings? Are the health warnings rotating on packages? Are the health warnings on packages written in the principal language(s) of the country? Does the law require that health warnings on packages are not obscured in any way, including by required markings such as tax stamps? Do the health warnings on packages include a photograph or graphic? Do health warnings appear on each package and any outside packaging and labelling used in the retail sale? Does the law on health warnings apply to products whether manufactured domestically, imported, AND for duty-free sale? Does the law state that warnings on packages do not remove or diminish the liability of the tobacco industry? Do health warnings on packages describe the harmful effects of tobacco use on health? Does the law mandate specific health warnings on cigarette packages? How many specific health warnings are approved by the law? Does the law require or establish fines for violations regarding health warnings on packages? Country Profile: China Health warnings on tobacco packages (continued) Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use misleading terms which imply the product is less harmful than other similar products, such as "low tar", "light", "ultra-light", or "mild"? Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use figurative or other signs, including colours or numbers, as substitutes for prohibited misleading terms and descriptors? Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use descriptors depicting flavours? Does the law ban the display of quantitative information on emission yields (such as tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide) on cigarette packaging, including when used as part of a brand name or trademark? Does the law mandate the display of qualitative information on relevant constituents and emissions of tobacco products on cigarette packaging? Does the law mandate that this information is displayed on one or more of the principal display areas (front, rear) of the package? Does the law prevent the display of expiry dates on cigarette packaging? Is it mandatory for the quit line number to appear on packaging or labelling? Does the law mandate plain packaging (ie. prohibit the use of logos, colours, brand images or promotional information on packaging other than brand names and product names displayed in a standard colour and font style)? Are there national laws or regulations completely banning the sale of all smokeless tobacco products? Anti-tobacco mass media campaigns Did the country have at least one national mass media campaign during the period? Campaign was part of a comprehensive tobacco control programme Campaign was pre-tested with the target audience Research about the target audience was conducted Campaign was aired on TV and/or radio Campaign used media planning to purchase or secure air-time and/or placement Earned media/public relations were used to promote the campaign Process evaluation was employed to assess implementation Outcome evaluation was employed to assess effectiveness Country Profile: China
Bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
National TV and radio International TV and radio Local magazines and newspapers International magazines and newspapers Billboards and outdoor advertising Other direct bans Compliance score of direct bans § Free distribution Promotional discounts Non-tobacco goods and services identified with tobacco brand names Brand name of non-tobacco products used for tobacco product Appearance of tobacco brands in TV and/or films (product placement) Appearance of tobacco products in TV and/or films Sponsored events Compliance score of indirect bans § Publicity of corporate social responsibility activities by tobacco companies Publicity of corporate social responsibility activities by other entities Tobacco companies funding or making in-kind contributions to smoking prevention media campaigns Required anti-tobacco ads for any visual entertainment media product that depicts tobacco products, use or images Ban on tobacco vending machines 1 The law does not explicitly address cross-border advertising. However, given that advertising is banned on all TV and radio, it is interpreted that both domestic and international levels are covered by the ban. 2The law does not explicitly address cross-border advertising. However, given that advertising is banned in all magazines and newspapers, it is interpreted that both domestic and international levels are covered by the ban. § A score of 0—10, where 0 is low compliance. Subnational jurisdictions with a complete ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship While subnational legislation exists, no jurisdiction was assessed as having a complete ban in place.
Country Profile: China Tobacco taxation policy as at 31 July 2012 Price of lowest-cost brand of cigarettes Tax inclusive retail sales price (TIRSP) for a pack of 20 cigarettes 1 Data not approved by the national authorities. Price of Marlboro or similar brand of cigarettes Tax inclusive retail sales price (TIRSP) for a pack of 20 cigarettes Taxes on the most popular brand of cigarettes comparable comparable comparable estimate for estimate for estimate for Price of most sold brand, pack of 20 cigarettes In currency reported by country In international dollars (purchasing power parity) Taxes on this brand (% of retail price) ᄌ Ad valorem excise Value added tax (VAT) 1 Data not approved by the national authorities. The country has increased tobacco excises overall since 2008; however, due to price variability the effect is not necessarily apparent in the tax indicators. ᄌ Individual categories of tax may not add to total due to rounding. Country Profile: China Annual tax revenues from tobacco products1 Most recent year: Is tax revenue data for all tobacco products or cigarettes only? All tobacco products Total Excise (specific and ad valorem) 335 255 320 000.00 Value added tax (VAT) and other sales taxes 80 607 384 000.00 Import duties and all other taxes (excluding corporate taxes on tobacco 8 276 687 000.00 424 139 391 000.00 1 Data not approved by the national authorities. National tobacco control programme Most recent year Specific national government objectives in tobacco control National agency or technical unit for tobacco control Number of full-time equivalent staff Government expenditure on tobacco control: In currency reported by country In US$ at official exchange rate
North Scott Community School District 04/01/2013: Changes to your MedTrak Prescription Benefit Plan Introducing the Performance 90 Network The Performance 90 Network is Network of thousands of pharmacies where you will be able to fill your 90-day supplies of medications. As your prescription benefits manager, MedTrak proactively looks for ways to enhance your prescription drug benefit. As a result, we are introducing the MedTrak Performance 90 (P90) Pharmacy Network designed to deliver convenience and savings for Members who would like to fill 90-day prescriptions.*
staining might be a useful additional criterion to predict likelihoodof post-transplant tumor recurrence. 05. LIVER IMMUNOLOGY INCLUDING VIRAL HEPATITIS ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PSC SUSCEPTIBILITY VARIANTIN THE MST1 LOCUS AND CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA RISK:CASE-CONTROL ANALYSIS OF A LARGE EUROPEAN COHORTM. Krawczyk1, A. H ¨oblinger2, F. Mihalache3, M. Acalovschi3,