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Model Medicine Prescription
"Committed to Improve
Health Status of Maharashtra"
Hon. Shri Prithviraj Chavan
Chief Minister, Maharashtra Issued by :
Food & Drug Administration, Maharashtra State,
Survey No. 341, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai - 400 051 web site:- fda.maharashtra.gov.in Email:- email@example.com
"Healthy Citizens., First Priority"
Hon. Shri. Ajit Pawar Deputy Chief Minister, Maharashtra "Safe Medication For Longevity"
Hon. Shri. Manoharrao Naik Minister- Food & Drug Administration, "Towards Healthier Society"
Hon. Shri. Suresh Shetty Minister - Public Health & Family Welfare and Protocol, Maharashtra "Yes ! We Care For People"
Hon. Shri. Satej Patil Minister of State - FDA, Home & Rural Development, Maharashtra The average longevity of citizens in Maharashtra has gone up from 53.8 years to 73.4 years in last 4 decades due to progress in scientific health care,
attributed, inter-alia to judicious use of medicines. However, if administered
improperly, the adverse impact of medicines on human body and mind
becomes catastrophic on individual patient, society and future generations
that includes organ failure, health complications, death, drug resistance etc.
and this has been recognized internationally.
The Food & Drug Administration Maharashtra, during last 2 years, has initiated far reaching comprehensive measures to safeguard citizens ‘ health through stringent implementation of patient centric provisions in Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940 like presence of pharmacist in retail drug stores, sell of prescription drug on prescription and sell of drugs with bill only. This has brought out very positive results and would go a long way in raising health status of people of Maharashtra. As a part of above initiative, it was felt necessary that there is a need for uniform prescription format commensurate with legal provisions. To formulate such model prescription format a committee under the chairmanship of Shri. Mahesh Zagade, IAS, Commissioner, FDA was constituted on 24th July 2013, comprising representatives from Food & Drugs Administration, Maharashtra Medical Council, Maharashtra Council of Indian Medicine, Maharashtra Veterinary Council, Maharashtra Dental Council, Indian Pharmaceutical Association, Indian Medical Association, National Integrated Medical Association (Maharashtra Branch) and Maharashtra State Pharmacy Council. After long deliberations a consensus based "Model Medicine Prescription Format" has been designed and is now being circulated to all the stake holders as a legal mandatory prescription format.
MAHARASHTRA MODEL PRESCRIPTION FORMAT
Doctor's (Prescriber's) Full Name D1
Qualification (eg.M.B.B.S., M.D.) D2
Reg. No.: (specify alphabets specifying pathy) /Reg. NoD3
Full Address, D4 Contacts: (telephone no, email etc ) D5
Prescription Serial Number D9
Date: dd/mm/yy D6
Patient's full Name P1
Patient's Address and Phone number:P2
1) Name of Medicine M1, As far as possible, generic name in capital letters.
StrengthM2, dosage formM3, dosage instructionM4, duration & total quantityM5
" Or any other cheaper generic medicine as per choice of patient." Doctor's signature & dateD7
Doctor's stamp D8
If entire prescription is not dispensed, specify name Name and Address of Medical Store, or number of medicine and quantity dispensed. Date of dispensing :- Name and Address of Medical Store, Date of dispensing :- Minimum size of the prescription blank should be: 14 X 21cm (A5 size)
A guide to the prescription format
The prescription should have following particulars pertaining to Doctor, Patient and Medicines as indicated below -
D – About Doctor / Prescriber P – About Patient M – About Medicine
Act means - Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940. Rules means - Drugs & Cosmetics Rules 1945
Requirements & necessities
It is statutory requirement to mention name of the prescriber on cash Doctor's full or credit memo of the drugs under Rule 65(3) and it is also necessary to
authenticate prescription. Therefore, the prescription shall bear Doctor's full name as mentioned in her / his registration certificate. To know competency and genuineness of prescriber, the prescription Doctor's
qualifications shall bear Doctor's primary qualification such as MBBS / BAMS followed by
subsequent qualifications. For example MBBS MD or BAMS MD.
Prescription shall bear the registration number of doctor's registration with their respective council. The registration number should be prefixed with Registration letters indicating the council in which doctor has registered her /his name.
For example: Allo. (Allopathic), Intgrtd. (Integrated Medicine), Homeo. (Homeopathic), Dental (Dentist), Vet. (Veterinary), etc. It is statutory requirement to mention the address of the prescriber on the cash or credit memo of the drugs under Rule 65 (3) and the patient and Address of
pharmacist should know where the prescriber is practicing and, therefore, prescription shall bear complete address of clinic / hospital where the prescriber is practicing. The prescription shall have telephone number (Landline / Mobile) and Contacts :-
e-mail of the prescriber. These details will help patient as well as pharmacist to contact doctor, if required. As per the Rule 65 (10) prescription shall be dated. The date of prescription is also essential to know the validity of prescription and to avoid misuse of such prescription. Doctor's
As per Rule 65 (10) prescription shall be signed by the person issuing it signature &
with her / his usual signature and, therefore, the prescription shall have full signature of prescriber with date. To authenticate prescription and also to avoid misuse of blank prescription Doctor's
and to protect patient from quacks and un-qualified doctors, the prescription should have doctor's rubber stamp containing his/ her full name, qualifications and registration number below his signature. For traceability and purposes of record the prescriptions must be serially Rx - super-
As a matter of practice the prescription may bear Rx-superscription. As per Rule 65 (10), prescription shall specify the name and address of the Patient's full person for whose treatment it is given or name & address of the owner of
the animal if the drug is meant for veterinary use. Therefore, prescription shall bear patient's / animal owner's full name. As per Rule 65 (10), prescription shall specify the name and address of the person for whose treatment it is given. It is also essential for follow up of Patient's full
patient, or to get in touch with patient in case of dispensing or prescribing errors and also essential for recall of medicines, if required. Therefore, the prescription shall bear patient's full address. As certain drugs are gender specific, sex of the patient should be mentioned on prescription. Patient's age The drug dosages may differ with age of patient and, therefore, prescription
must bear patient's age. Patient's
The drug dosages may vary with weight of the patient, therefore, prescription may bear patient's weight. a) The Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulation, 2002 under Indian Medical Council Act 1956 under Code of Medical Ethics at 1.5 prescribes as "Every physician should as far as
possible prescribe drugs with Generic names and he / she shall ensure
that there is a rational prescription and rational use of drugs".
Name of the
Therefore, prescription shall bear the name of medicine as Generic name.
The name of medicine should be in Capital letters in legible manner. b) If the prescriber is not sure about generic name he shall add following instructions on the prescription above her/his signature. "Or any other cheaper generic medicine as per choice of patient." Strength of
Prescription shall invariably bear strength of the medicine. eg. PARACETAMOL TABLETS 500 mg., AMOXYCILLIN CAPSULES 250 mg. Dosage form Prescription shall bear a proper dosage form of medicine prescribed.
eg. Tablets, Capsules, Syrups, Creams etc. Prescription shall bear proper dosing instructions that could be easily understood by patient or owner of animal in case of veterinary drugs. (Preferably in marathi or any other language easily understood by the instructions patient or owner of animal.
eg. 1 (after breakfast)------0------1 (after dinner) 1 (empty stomach)----0Prescription shall specify duration of the treatment and total quantity of Total quantity the medicine for that duration.
eg. Medicine 1 ----- 1 tab x 2 times a day for 7 days of medicine
and duration = 14 tablets
of medication. Medicine 2 ----- 1 tab per day for 3 months
General guidelines for Doctors / Prescriber
1. Changes in prescription :
If any changes are warranted in prescription please issue fresh prescription.
Do not use prescription pad with the name of medical store.
Doctors should not use prescription pads, with pre-printed messages, like "Available at XYZ Medical Stores".
Do not print names of more than one doctor on the prescription.
One should avoid having names of two or more doctors on the same prescription pad (even if it is a husband and wife team).
Do not use prescription pad of another doctor.
A doctor should not use another doctor's prescription pad, even with her / his consent. Conversely a doctor should not allow other doctor to use her / his prescription pad.
Precaution about computer generated prescription.
If the doctor types or generates her / his prescription on a computer, she /he must ensure that he / she issue it with her / his full, recognizable dated signature in ink. She / he must sign as close as possible to the last drug listed in the prescription.
Prescription of certain medicines by specialist.
Certain medicines can be supplied on the prescription by specific specialist only. For example, Sildenafil Citrate can be prescribed only by an Urologist, Psychiatrist, Endocrinologist, Dermatologist or Venerologist. Letrozole can be prescribed by a Cancer specialist only. Recognize the services of Pharmacist :-
As per internationally recognized practice, especially followed in the developed world, doctors should recognize importance of services of pharmacist as they are required to supervise sale of medicines under the law and also responsible for counseling the patients. The pharmacist is trained to recognize therapeutic incompatibility, absorption incompatibility, etc of medicines in addition to various facets of pharmacological effects of medicine. In view of the above, the doctors should consider her / him as a resource person and his / her view should be considered with due regard to her / his knowledge. Food & Drug Administration, Maharashtra State,
Survey No. 341, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai -400 051 Tel.:- 022-2659 2361,62,63,64,65. Email:- firstname.lastname@example.org web site:- fda.maharashtra.gov.in
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Cher confrère, Marcq-en-Barœul, le 6 Juin 2016 Recommandations 2016 pour les voyageurs Zika, sexe et moustiques…voilà l'été Zika s'ajoute à la liste des arbovirus, après la dengue et le chikungunya, dans les recommandations sanitaires 2016 pour les voyageurs. Santé publique France insiste aussi dans le Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire sur la prévention contre le paludisme et la fièvre jaune dans les zones d'endémie ainsi que les infections sexuellement transmissibles. « L'infection à virus Zika est venue s'ajouter à la liste de plus en plus longue des infections émergentes à prendre en compte au retour de voyage », expliquent les Pr Éric Caumes et Daniel Camus, président et vice-président du Comité des maladies liées aux voyages et des maladies d'importattion (CMVI). « Le risque de malformations neurologiques d'importance a été estimé à 1 % des grossesses de femmes infectées » soulignent-ils dans le dernier numéro du « BEH » consacré aux recommandations sanitaires pour les voyageurs. Elles invitent les femmes enceintes au report de tout voyage en zone d'épidémie et, aux femmes vivant en zone d'épidémie et aux voyageuses en âge de procréer qui s'y rendent, de différer tout projet de grossesse tant que l'épidémie est active. Le bulletin précise que l'infection par cet arbovirus de la même famille que la dengue et la fièvre jaune se révèle asymptomatique dans 70 à 80 % des cas. Et quand les symptômes sont présents, la présentation clinique est fruste, pouvant associer, à des degrés divers, arthralgies, œdèmes des extrémités, fièvre modérée, céphalées, douleurs rétro-orbitaires, hyperhémie conjonctivale et exanthème maculo-papuleux. Les signes persistent de 2 à 5 jours. Toute personne de retour depuis moins de 15 jours d'une zone endémique et présentant au moins un des symptômes associés au Zika doit être signalée à l'ARS et faire l'objet d'une demande de confirmation biologique.